Attappady situated in the Palakkad district of Kerala is bordered by Nilgiri district and Coimbatore of Tamiladu on its North and east respectively and Malappuram district of Kerala on the west. On its south is the Mannarkkadu taluk of Palakkad district.
Attappady is an area classified as the first Integrated Tribal Development Block of Kerala and forms part of Mannarkkad Taluk of Palakkad District. It is situated north of Palakkad town,
|close to the Tamil Nadu border . This undulating hilly tract is drained by the river Bhavani and its main tributary Siruvani. It has a total area of 745sq km. spread over three Panchayats namely Agali, Pudur and Sholayur.|
Attappady is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. The Nilgiris form a complex topography, which is isolated from after high ranges. The mountains in this range are some of the oldest geological formations in South Western India.
The 249 km² Attappadi Reserve Forest is an informal buffer zone bordering the Silent
Valley National Park to the West. 81 km² of this forest was separated to become most of the new 94 km² Bhavani Forest Range which is part of the 147.22 km² Silent Valley Buffer Zone formally approved by the Kerala Cabinet on 6 June 2007. The Cabinet also sanctioned 35 staff to protect the area and two new forest stations in Bhavani range at Anavai and Thudukki. The zone is aimed at checking the illicit cultivation of ganja, poaching and illicit brewing in areas adjacent to Silent Valley and help long-term sustainability of the protected area [wikkipedia]
Before Independence, Attappady remained in the Madras presidency. Earlier it had been underthe domain of the Calicut Zamorin. The entire area was covered with the dense forests and infested with wild animals, mosquitoes, and leaches. Attappady got its name from atta theblood leach and pady, the habitation. It is believed that the immigration of the tribesfolk into Attappady began before the 15th century. There are three different tribes in Attappady: Irulars,Mudugars, and Kurumbars.
Attapadi RF in the southwest portion of Mannarghat Forest Division receives a high rainfall of 4700 mm (185 in). Moving eastward along the Attapadi valley towards Agali, the rainfall steadily decreases to a low of 900 mm. [wikkipedia]
The western slopes are under denser vegetation. Indiscriminate denudation and practice of shifting cultivation once prevalent in this tract had created patches of land sometimes under cultivation especially in the embankment of rivers and rivulets. These patches are under paddy, coconut, areacanut, tapioca, banana, ginger, turmeric, vegetables, etc. Plantation crops like coffee, cardamom, clove etc. are cultivated on the southern and western slopes. The eastern slopes are predominantly under dry land agricultural
|crops, which include chamai, sorghum, ragi, groundnut, sunflower etc. Both in the eastern and western slopes, wherever irrigation facilities are available, sugarcane, cotton etc. are cultivated. The western slopes carry a wide variety of forest species commonly found in other parts of Western Ghats. But the eastern slopes carry scanty vegetation, predominantly deciduous and thorny in nature.|
Attappady's main rivers are Bhavani and Kunthi.Shiruvani, varagar and kodugarapallam are the main tributaries of Bhavani river which flows to Tamilnadu then converging with Kaveri river. Kunthi is one of the major tributaries of Bharathapuzha originating from Angindamudy of Silentvally national park.
BIRDS AND ANIMALS
Many birds and animals are living in this area. Mainly Salient valley forest area and all of this
|western ghats are more suitable places for its. Every year researchers identify new species of plants and birds in this untamed wilderness some species of birds Great Indian Hornbill, Nilgiri Wood-pigeon, Malabar Parakeet,Grey-headed Bulbul, Broad-tailed Grassbird, Rufous Babbler, White-bellied Shortwing,Long-legged Buzzard,Sispara,Red winged crested cuckoo, Malabar Pied|
Hornbill, Paleharrier, Wynaad Laughing Thrush, Nilgiri Laughing Thrush Black-and-orange Flycatcher, Black bulbul.
Rainfall varies considerably in Attappady Block, being higher in the western slopes and dwindling
|towards the Easter plateau.
Western Attappady receives and annual rainfall of about 3000 mm whereas the
rainfall in Eastern Attappady is less than 1000 mm. The temperature varies from
23° C to 33° C. Dry wind from the eastern Deccan plateau causes faster rate of
evaporation during summer months.|
ATTAPPADY HELTH AND HOSPITALS
ATTAPPADY CHURCHES, MOSQUE AND TEMPLES
ATTAPPADY SEHION RETREAT CENER
ATTAPPADY MAIN PLACES
ATTAPPADY MAIN PHONE NUMBERS
ATTAPPADY GOVERNMENT AND AIDED INSTITUTIONS
ATTAPPADY PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
ATTAPPADY SILENT VALLEY NATIONAL PARK
ATTAPPADY MAIN SHOPS AND LODGES
ATTAPPADY MOVIE THEATER
ATTAPPADY TOURIST PLACES
ATTAPPADY ROAD TRANSPORT AND RUTE MAP